Architect: Aaksen Responsible Aarchitecture
Location: Bandung, Indonesia
Area: Backyaard Collective (62 m2), 35 m2 (AAND Sayana)
Photography: Azzahra Dartaman, Bayu Herdiadi
Engineering: Kayu Lapis Indonesia (Dodong Budijanto Purnomo, Yosep Bayu Setiyawan), Bluescope, 745Worksteel, Padi Super Bata
Renewable Energy: NEP (Nusantara Eco Power)
Prefab Consultant: AAND Company
Project Manager: Ricky Rama
Prefab Furniture Design: Ricky Rama, Rolly Anwari
Pixelated Papandayan Design & Construction: LIB, Formologix
Videography: Qrimson Pictures
Identity Branding and Graphic Design: Monoponik, Cronos, Werkstatt Custom
Award: Shenzhen Design Award for Young Talents (SDAY) 2019, Merit Award
Backyaard Collective is a prefab laboratory that celebrates creative community activities in a modular environment, located at the backyard of Aaksen Responsible Aarchitecture’s office amidst densely populated commercial and residential area in Bandung, Indonesia. The space was initially an unoccupied warehouse of Kayu Lapis Indonesia’s carpentry workshop that was established a long time ago during the 1970s.
Backyaard Collective consists of two main modular spaces, which are the Pixelated Papandayan, a modular amphitheatre made of bricks for community events and AAND Sayana, a modular prefabricated cabin as the prefab laboratory hub and as an extension of office functions. A measured modular component is one of design method that contributes to sustainability issues, where materials construction waste can be eliminated through an efficient process, and also opening new possibilities in defining the space for living. Often associated as rigid, bland, or boring design, Backyaard Collective explores that modular design can be human-centered as well without compromising the advantages addressed in modularity. Adopting the shape of Papandayan Mt. in Indonesia and the aspects of interaction that occur when climbing the mountain, the Pixelated Papandayan shows a modular design experiment that uses local bricks material. By setting seven bricks that line up horizontally as one module, the installation is designed to form steps that can be utilized like amphitheatres. Module size is made so that visitors can comfortably sit on the steps of the amphitheatre to interact with each other and for daily office morning scrum, while at several points the module serves as a planter pot to give shade for activities throughout the day.
AAND Sayana is a prefabricated modular micro house that can be fully assembled within 3 weeks. The cabin is used as meeting room and podcast studio for #aaksentalks, where the building primary purpose itself can be very versatile depending on the user needs and activities. The building components were made in Kendal, Indonesia, and later gathered in the site for assembling process. Prefabricated construction is the answer to the long-overdue problems in conventional constructions, in which have been becoming a bubble in our real-life situation, such as uncertainties of schedule and budget, unstandardized labour skills, materials, and design quality, and unsustainable environmental responsibility, especially for material and non-material waste. With digital fabrication, every building and furniture component is measured both in the sense of quality and quantity, giving a standardization of labour quality and efficiency in time and cost, wherever and whenever. The construction system here was designed without involving any heavy equipment, therefore, the construction is possible to happen anywhere from a lot amidst a narrow alley of the city centre, somewhere in the middle of a pine forest, and even in a remote island.
In AAND Sayana, the wall is made of CLT or Cross Laminated Timber, an engineered wood panel in which the material acts as a structural or load-bearing wall. The structural timber was made of certified local burflower-tree or Neolamarckia Cadamba, local fast-growing trees commonly used for building materials. In terms of strength, the CLT panels were factory-made that has been calculated, tested, to be finally labelled as an earthquake-resistant structure. As we are living in Indonesia where the archipelago is surrounded by active volcanoes due to the ring of fire, the situation urges us to be prepared for disaster prevention that can happen anytime.
Additionally, the energy here is supported by on-grid solar panel system, where in times of excess energy occur, the energy will be supplied for the office. All electronic system is controlled by IoT or Internet of Things from the phone, making every future occupant is conscious and having awareness of how many carbon footprints they have left, how their building is made, about what are the occupants’ actual needs, and what actions the occupants have taken and should take for a better environment and humanity. AAND Sayana is hoped will foster a faster development in a remote area, especially in East Indonesia, with a focus on high-quality standardized prefabricated local materials that can be effortlessly constructed by anyone, while keeping the environment at its natural beauty, with minimum footprint left.